The International Court of Justice (ICJ) is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. The ICJ is the successor of the Permanent Court of International Justice and it is one of the six main organs of the United Nations. However, the ICJ is seated at the Peace Palace in The Hague, which makes it the only UN principal organ that is not located in New York. The Court is guided by the Statute of the ICJ and consists of 1 Registrar and 15 Judges, two being the President and Vice President. The members of the Court are elected to nine-year terms by the General Assembly and Security Council. It has two official languages, which are English and French.
The ICJ is not a criminal court. The Court has no jurisdiction over individual crimes, instead, it deals with the legal disputes between Member States. Overall, the ICJ has two duties. They are settling “legal disputes submitted to it by States and giving advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by authorized United Nations organs and specialized agencies.”. In MUNDP 2017, we will be entertaining a contentious international case, where two Latin American nations are in a legal dispute.