Historical Committee

Committee Description

After over a decade of hosting the Historical Committee, MUNDP 2022 presents the Spanish Conquest of the Aztec Empire, one of the primary events of the Spanish Colonisation of the Americas.

The Spanish Conquest of the Aztec Empire, also known as the Spanish-Aztec War took place between 1519 and 1521. The Spanish Empire was led by Hernán Cortés; and the Aztec Empire, also known as the Triple Alliance was led by Moctezuma II. The Spaniards had the alliance of the indigenous communities that were enemies of the Aztecs; while The Triple Alliance consisted of three major city-states: Tenochtitlan, Tetzcoco, Tlacopan; and were allied with many independent city-states and Cuba. The conquest was of great importance to the history of the region, as it paved the way for further colonization and the formation of the New Spain.

Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés first led an expedition to Mexico in 1519. Upon arrival, Cortés defeated a local Mayan Tribe and found a base near the Aztec Empire. The emperor Moctezuma approached the Spanish through diplomacy, however the Spaniards, marched and conquered the Aztec city Cholula, slaughtering many along the way. Shortly after, Cortés reached and conquered the capital city of the Aztec Empire, Tenochtitlán. His victory was short-lived as he had to leave the city in charge of an officer, who had sparked a rebellion against the Spaniards, causing many of Cortés’ garrison to be killed. Montezuma had also lost the respect of his people and was killed shortly after. Cuitláhuac became the new emperor and drove the Spaniard out of Tenochtitlán.

Having withdrawn their forces, the Spainard returned with Cortés and blocked the Aztec water and food supplies as they continuously assaulted them. The city of Tenochtitlán was under siege for 93 days until finally the Spainards broke through and massacred the Aztecs indiscriminately. Finally, Cortés announced the city was his in August, 1521.


Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire

Chair Reports

Report by Su Yeşildere, Yasemin Tanyü, Buse Koldaş, Elvan Ece Satıcı
Spanish conquest of the Aztec Empire
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