Historical Committee

Committee Description

After over a decade of hosting the Historical Committee, MUNDP 2023 presents the Mongolian Invasion of Kievan Rus’, which was a part of the larger-scaled Mongolian Invasion of Europe.

The Mongolian Invasion of Europe, which took place between the 1220s and 1240s, includes several invasions in Eastern, Northern and Central Europe, the Caucasus and the Balkans. Planned by General Subutai and commanded by Batu Khan and Kadan, who were the grandsons of Genghis Khan, the invasions led to significant territorial changes and the raid of several European entities, and had its effects persist until the late 13th century.

As a part of the Mongolian Invasion of Europe, the invasion of Kievan Rus’ has led to the destruction of several large southern cities such as Chernihiv and Kiev. Initiated by the Mongol victory at the Battle of Kalka River in 1223, the full-scale destruction was carried out by Batu Khan, ending in 1242. Numerous Rus’ principalities became vassals and were under Mongol rule for several decades, some lasting until the late 15th century.

The series of raids and battles led to several historically significant events such as the division of the East Slavic People, forming the modern day nations of Belarus, Ukraine, and Russia, as well as the advancement of the Grand Duchy Moscow, which later grew into the Tsardom of Russia.


Mongolian Invasion of Kievan Rus'